“I know that you will fail. There is something in the universe – I don’t know, some spirit, some principle – that you will never overcome”
“Do you believe in God, Winston?”
“Then what is it, this principle that will defeat us?”
“I don’t know. The spirit of
“And do you consider yourself a man?”
“If you are a man, Winston, you are the last man. Your kind is extinct; we are the inheritors. Do you understand that you are alone? You are outside history, you are non-existent.”
(O’ Brien to Winston in Nineteen Eighty Four)
This is the answer, Nyimalay. This is the answer why our country has two names. This is not that innocent as most people think. This is not that trivial as most people discount. They have to terminate the last man in
Men who control the present will control the past. Men who control the past will control the future. History has to be rewritten. Human memory has to be set extinct.
During the Peasant Uprising of Burma between 1930 and 1932, a group of the young, yet immature Burmese radicals emerged as the Dobama Asi-ayon (We Burmans Association).
Their first challenge against the British was a tipping point all over
“Bama is our country.” ဗမာျပည္သည္ ဒို႕ျပည္
“Bama is our literature” ဗမာစာသည္ ဒိုို႔စာ
“Bama is our language.” ဗမာစကားသည္ ဒို႕စကား
N.B: They both hailed and wrote Bama and not
This firebrand slogan was the forerunner of the rising of many last men in
These young Burmese radicals despised the soft technique and cooperative mentality of the Burmese coalition government. Of course, they knew that in the formal written language, the speaking usage “Bama” has to be written as “
From the beginning, the choice of Burmese for a call of change was Bama and not
After the vocal and articulate lawyers, came the kind and concerned doctors. They didn’t invoke the name of the statutory Burma Medical Council, but chose to go by their own Burma Medical Association in their address to the people, the foreign embassies, and the broadcasting stations abroad, among others, that having become the standard circulation.
I received phone calls from friends and doctors about an incident (actually the worst mistake of Ne Win’s government in crushing the 1988 uprising), which happened in front of
This was the watershed of our 88’ revolution, Nyi Ma Lay. Ne Win’s military regime believed that they had terminated all the civil societies of
The entry of Burma Medical Association into this 88’ uprising brought the whole country to people’s revolution in 1988.
In 1989, when the regime renamed
Maymyo, a beautiful town of respite of British officers became Pyin Oo Lwin.
He who controls the present will control the past. He who controls the past will control the future.
In their debate in the torture chamber of Room 101, Winston had made a Cartesian argument. “I remember, therefore I exist”. O Brien smiled and retorted, “I control memory, and therefore your existence”. O Brien claimed that men were malleable, and infinitely as such. The Burmese didn’t notice that their thinking, their daily life, and their individualism were mould infinitely by such wicked strategy of the military government rendering Burmese into complete serfdom of collectivism, and begetting a series of Burmese generations that never have a chance for thinking about what he stands for. A Burmese youth had no choice but to accept his race and country as
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